Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa

a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map



Freshwater swamp (X)

Description

Permanent swamps occur in depressions where water permanently floods the surface to a shallow depth (seasonal swamps are usually covered with edaphic grassland ( g )). Most of the shallower lakes outside the Guineo-Congolian floristic region (especially those that are not strongly saline, see halophytic vegetation ( Z ) ) have a wide belt of reed-swamp where the dominant species are usually rooted in the soil and have stems that rise out of the water. The most abundant reed-swamp species is Cyperus papyrus (a giant sedge species) but other species can also be dominant such as Miscanthus violaceus, Phragmites australis and Phragmites mauritianus grasses (White 1983 pp. 55 and 265).


  1. N. Moshi 2010; Figure 10.1 in VECEA Volume 5

Plant species

The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.

Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)

Products and environmental services of tree species

Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (X) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).

Wood

Human consumption

Animal consumption

Environmental services

Other products

For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.

Conservation status

The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.

PNV Area (km2) A (%) B (%)
g/X 139,540 7.60 28.80
X 29,189 20.80 7.50
X/P 715 0.00 0.00

A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more

Links

Species selection tool
Other vegetation types
http://vegetationmap4africa.org
Documentation

Citation and terms of use

Click here for the full terms of use, disclaimer and errors and omissions statement that accompanies our data. When using our data, you agree with these terms.