Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa

a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map



Miombo woodland (Wm)

Description

Miombo woodland is floristically and physiognomically very different from other types of woodland. It is nearly always dominated by species of Brachystegia, either alone or with Isoberlinia angolensis, Julbernardia globiflora or Julbernardia paniculata. Most miombo woodlands are semi-deciduous, but some are completely deciduous and some are almost evergreen (White 1983 pp. 92 - 93). There is a marked flush of new leaves (of flaming reds, salmons, pinks and coppery tinges of all hues) just before the rains, a time during which miombo woodlands become especially beautiful (Burtt et al. 1942; Lind and Morrison 1974 p. 83).

Miombo woodland is the prevalent vegetation throughout the greater part of the Zambezian region, especially on the main plateau and its flanking escarpments. Whereas some authors (including White 1983) expected that, on moister and deeper soils in higher rainfall areas, miombo had replaced Zambezian dry evergreen forest (Fm), the interpretation that all these areas previously supported Zambezian dry evergreen forest (Fm) is not generally accepted (P. Smith and J. Timberlake, pers. comm.).

In the VECEA map, we mapped four subtypes of Miombo woodland separately: Drier Miombo woodland (Wmd); Wetter Miombo woodland (Wmw); Miombo woodland on hills and rocky outcrops (Wmr), and Zanzibar-Inhambane transition woodland (Wmt).


  1. Bingham; Figure 8.1 in VECEA Volume 3

Plant species

The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.

Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)

Products and environmental services of tree species

Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Wm) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).

Wood

Human consumption

Animal consumption

Environmental services

Other products

For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.

Conservation status

See the tables of Drier Miombo woodland (Wmd), Wetter Miombo woodland (Wmw), and Miombo woodland on hills and rocky outcrops (Wmr)

Links

Species selection tool
Other vegetation types
http://vegetationmap4africa.org
Documentation

Citation and terms of use

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